Just in case the number of authors is more than 10, the bibliography will be composed of the first seven names only. And as regards the in-text citations, et al. No one can write a research paper all alone. Therefore, you need to cite the work of others in your article. To make your research paper great, you must understand the seemingly complex system of citations and references as well as the abbreviations of the Latin phrases. Reread the article and make sure you miss nothing.
When to use et al.? For in-text citations; et al. It is crucial to remember et al. Evans et al. Some other provisions of et al. Write et al. Try to make your in-text citation easy and short. The period after al. It is good to remember that et al.
And you need to be cautious of not using the phrase in the middle of your text. Some common errors to avoid in using et al. It is incorrect to put a period after et et. It is erroneous to italicize et al. Lack of access to reading and writing put blind people at a serious disadvantage in nineteenth-century society. Text was one of the primary methods through which people engaged with culture, communicated with others, and accessed information; without a well-developed reading system that did not rely on sight, blind people were excluded from social participation Weygand, While disabled people in general suffered from discrimination, blindness was widely viewed as the worst disability, and it was commonly believed that blind people were incapable of pursuing a profession or improving themselves through culture Weygand, This demonstrates the importance of reading and writing to social status at the time: without access to text, it was considered impossible to fully participate in society.
Blind people were excluded from the sighted world, but also entirely dependent on sighted people for information and education. See the full essay example. The conclusion is the final paragraph of an essay. A strong essay conclusion :.
A great conclusion should finish with a memorable or impactful sentence that leaves the reader with a strong final impression. The most common mistakes are:. Braille paved the way for dramatic cultural changes in the way blind people were treated and the opportunities available to them. In this sense, Braille helped drive broader social changes in the status of blindness. New accessibility tools provide practical advantages to those who need them, but they can also change the perspectives and attitudes of those who do not.
Write your essay conclusion. My essay follows the requirements of the assignment topic and length. My introduction contains a thesis statement that states the focus and position of the essay. I use paragraphs to structure the essay. I use topic sentences to introduce each paragraph. I make clear transitions between paragraphs and ideas.
I have given an in-text citation for every quote or piece of information I got from another source. I have included a reference page at the end of my essay, listing full details of all my sources. My citations and references are correctly formatted according to the required citation style.
Your essay meets all the most important requirements. Our editors can give it a final check to help you submit with confidence. An essay is a focused piece of writing that explains, argues, describes, or narrates. In high school, you may have to write many different types of essays to develop your writing skills. Academic essays at college level are usually argumentative : you develop a clear thesis about your topic and make a case for your position using evidence, analysis and interpretation.
The structure of an essay is divided into an introduction that presents your topic and thesis statement , a body containing your in-depth analysis and arguments, and a conclusion wrapping up your ideas. The structure of the body is flexible, but you should always spend some time thinking about how you can organize your essay to best serve your ideas.
Your essay introduction should include three main things, in this order:. The length of each part depends on the length and complexity of your essay. A thesis statement is a sentence that sums up the central point of your paper or essay. Everything else you write should relate to this key idea. The thesis statement is essential in any academic essay or research paper for two main reasons:. Without a clear thesis, an essay can end up rambling and unfocused, leaving your reader unsure of exactly what you want to say.
A topic sentence is a sentence that expresses the main point of a paragraph. Everything else in the paragraph should relate to the topic sentence. At college level, you must properly cite your sources in all essays , research papers , and other academic texts except exams and in-class exercises. Add a citation whenever you quote , paraphrase , or summarize information or ideas from a source.
You should also give full source details in a bibliography or reference list at the end of your text. The exact format of your citations depends on which citation style you are instructed to use. Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Do the check. Generate your APA citations for free! APA Citation Generator. Home Knowledge Base Essay.
How to write an essay An academic essay is a focused piece of writing that develops an idea or argument using evidence, analysis and interpretation. The essay writing process consists of three main stages: Preparation: Decide on your topic, do your research, and create an essay outline.
Writing : Set out your argument in the introduction, develop it with evidence in the main body, and wrap it up with a conclusion. Revision: Check the content, organization, grammar, spelling, and formatting of your essay. Here's why students love Scribbr's proofreading services Trustpilot.
Each paragraph has a single focus and a clear connection to the thesis statement. My essay has an interesting and informative title. I have followed all formatting guidelines e. Well done! What is an essay?
What is the structure of an essay? What goes in an essay introduction?