periodization essay

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Periodization essay wjec a level chemistry coursework

Periodization essay

Periodization organizes a training and conditioning program into cycles. The macrocycle is referred to as one competition season that can range from one to even four years, like the Olympics. The idea behind the macrocycle is for the athlete to achieve peak level of fitness for competition by altering intensity, volume, and specificity of training Arnheim, Training changes from high-volume, low-intensity, non-sport specific activity to low-volume, high-intensity, sport specific training when competition nears.

These macrocycles are further divided into mesocycles that contain a transition period, a preparatory period, and a competition period. The transition period begins after the last competition. The athlete is encouraged to participate in sport activities on a recreational basis. The transition period allows the athlete to escape both physically and psychologically from the intensity of competition Arnheim, The transition should include active rest, unless injury or extreme fatigue dictates complete rest.

This is an important period because it allows the athlete a period of time off to avoid becoming burnt out by the sport. However, the athlete should not cut-off all activity because it will lead to rapid loss of skill and fitness. For serious athletes, the duration of the transition period should be no longer than four to six weeks, or many fitness benefits will diminish Bompa, , p.

Athletes work hard to make gains in skill, general fitness, and strength. Therefore, athletes and coaches should remember that strength is hard to gain and easy to lose Bompa, , p. If athletes take a longer off-season they will more than likely experience detraining effects, resulting in the loss of most training gains and deteriorating most of the strength gains Bompa, If athletes do not perform any strength training during the transition period, muscles will decrease in size, leading to considerable power loss.

Since power and speed are interdependent, loss of speed will result as well Bompa, These examples show it is really important for the athlete to remain active in the off-season, which will give the athlete a strong base when the preparatory period begins. Following the transition period is the preparatory period which takes place during the off-season, when there are no upcoming competitions. The preparatory period is broken down into three additional phases: hypertrophy-endurance phase, the strength phase, and the power phase.

The hypertrophy-endurance phase occurs during the beginning of the off-season and the training is at low-intensity, high-volume of repetitions Bompa, Hypertrophy training for sports focuses on increasing the size of the specific prime movers, the muscles, for a particular sport. At this time activities may not directly relate to the sport. Hypertrophy training lasts for several weeks to even two months which allows the athlete to develop endurance, on which other more intense training can occur.

Now that the endurance is built up, the strength phase begins, and weight training becomes sport specific Bompa, Also, the intensity and volume progress to moderate levels. The last part of the preparatory period is the power phase. The power phase begins around the preseason and the athlete trains at high-intensity, near the level of competition. At the end of this preparatory period technique becomes the main emphasis of the program to lead the athlete into competition.

The final mesocycle of the overall macrocycle is the competition period. The competition period can last for several months, but varies with the number of competitions the specific sport has. At this point training occurs at high-intensity with a low-volume, allowing more time to be spent on skill training or strategy sessions. The athlete has the task of developing and stabilizing competition performance at the highest level possible. The tradition in many sports is to eliminate strength and conditioning training when the competitive season starts.

However, if strength and conditioning are not maintained during the competitive period, athletes will experience the detraining effect. Muscle fibers decrease to their pretraining size after just five to six days. The detraining effect results in loss of power and speed, so it is essential for a coach to develop an efficient training program for the competitive period Bompa, One way to maintain the athlete s strength and conditioning levels is by implementing the next part of periodization, the microcycle.

During the competition period microcycles can be established. Since most departments of literature in the U. While Brown and Levine reveal the difficulty of thinking our way out of the history of literary history, Graff emphasizes the cost of not doing so. It is a cost, he concludes, we should not keep asking our students to pay. One of these things is not like the others, but that is Eliot's point, of course: individual lives do and do not intersect with monarchies, governments, bureaucracies.

In an age that believed in the Spirit of the Age, that thought history mattered in every detail, the challenge was to avoid simplifying the relation between text and context and at the same time to make sure that the relation was always before us. The power of that vague understanding is precisely what makes critics hold fast to periodization despite our tendency to distance ourselves from its ideological wake.

To the ways in which a historical moment that assumed or at least aspired toward social totality and unified culture both conditions everything we now think about literary history and everything we can no longer think without embarrassment. Whatever characterizes that era or whatever we should call our moment if not an era, since that term, from the Latin for a brass coin, also assumes a premodern idea of history used to date Christendom , the recent turn of critical interest toward media history promises some relief from presumptions of social totality or cultural integration.

One central and very mediated instance of such back-formation lies before you as you read this ACLS digital volume. Just as the age of print was not, of course, quite as punctual as it once appeared given the purloined logic of editions, and even the fuzzy logic of the periodical , so, Gitelman argues, the World Wide Web is not as suspended in the user-friendly present as the phenomenology of on-screen reading might pretend. In this sense we may well be in an age in which literary history is changing, but that change entails much more than a progression of media.

Revolutions, institutions, classrooms, critical prose, digital resources: the subjects of the essays in this volume tend toward fundamentals in the conceptualization and transmission of modernity. How we mark time, how we structure time, how we teach time, how we write time, how we access time—these are the primary questions to ask before we can update progressive or institutionalized or pedagogical or rhetorical or mediated ideas of literary periodization.

Yet as Katie Trumpener suggests in the final essay of this volume, the disjunction between our investment in literary history and our experience of literary history may be the most fundamental question of all. If those paradoxes were confined to the generic plots of early novels, we might be tempted to ascribe them to the domain of fiction, which can offer clear accounts when actual history cannot.

But Trumpener's essay moves progressively away from fiction toward other ways of reading and writing the historical condition. That call to psychoanalysis is a demand Trumpener also makes of her own discipline of literary criticism, and particularly of literary history. Trumpener suggests that those theorists Wellek, Auerbach, de Man, Demetz, Hartman at Yale, to which list one could add many names in many places reacted to historical trauma in much the same way that characters in early novels did: they denied it, emphasizing over historical or personal analysis a putatively objective focus on literary form.

Trumpener thus helps to periodize the present volume of reflections on periodization. Thus our generation inherits not only a past but a curiosity about the past that our parents and teachers could ill afford. No wonder we want to think about periodization! We have used our interpretive skills to ferret out concealed histories in the texts we learned to read so closely, but now that we have zoomed in on all those literary and critical secret histories, what do we do with them?

How do we put them into historical perspective without using a logic of periodization that the events of the twentieth century revealed as flawed and potentially destructive? They demonstrate our current dissatisfaction with received logics of literary periodization while often brilliantly displaying our fascination with and attachment to the subject. In a historicizing age, these essays together characterize a twenty-first-century literary criticism that lives in time.

Skip to main content Skip to global navigation. Search Browse Help Home Terms. On periodization: selected essays from the English Institute Virginia Jackson , c

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Consider whether setting acts in a similar way in either Frankenstein or Great Expectations. There are many ways in which the word se. Free Essays Must Be Free! Periodization Training Term paper While the free essays can give you inspiration for writing, they cannot be used 'as is' because they will not meet your assignment's requirements. Abstract Periodization training is a designed program involving the breakdown of training into different cycles throughout an athlete s preseason, season, and offseason.

This technique was first designed for strength training, but has now been evolved to include the many components of any athlete s training needs. A basketball athlete has numerous obstacles in training to overcome to be a successful player, so the use of a periodization program would be a beneficial way to train. In training nothing happens by accident, but rather by design Bompa, , p.

Periodization training is a process of structuring training into phases, therefore, there is a design to it. It is designed to optimize strength and performance, while minimizing the potential for overtraining or injury. Basketball is a sport that involves strength and power, along with technique. For optimal results, basketball training should incorporate periodization training ideas.

Basics of Periodization Periodization takes into account that athletes have different needs relative to training and conditioning during different seasons and modifies the program according to individual needs Arnheim, p. A primary objective of training is for the athlete to reach peak performance at a specific time, usually the main competition of the year.

To achieve this high level of performance, the entire training program must be properly periodized and planned so that development of skills and motor ability proceeds logically and methodically throughout the year Bompa, , p. Periodization takes this into account with its two basic components. The first component, periodization of the annual plan, pertains to how the year is divided into various training phases. The second component is how to structure strength training to maximize its effectiveness in meeting the needs of the specific sport.

The latter of the two will be incorporated into the first by breaking down the annual plan into shorter more manageable components. Periodization organizes a training and conditioning program into cycles. The macrocycle is referred to as one competition season that can range from one to even four years, like the Olympics.

The idea behind the macrocycle is for the athlete to achieve peak level of fitness for competition by altering intensity, volume, and specificity of training Arnheim, Training changes from high-volume, low-intensity, non-sport specific activity to low-volume, high-intensity, sport specific training when competition nears. These macrocycles are further divided into mesocycles that contain a transition period, a preparatory period, and a competition period.

The transition period begins after the last competition. The athlete is encouraged to participate in sport activities on a recreational basis. The transition period allows the athlete to escape both physically and psychologically from the intensity of competition Arnheim, The transition should include active rest, unless injury or extreme fatigue dictates complete rest. This is an important period because it allows the athlete a period of time off to avoid becoming burnt out by the sport.

However, the athlete should not cut-off all activity because it will lead to rapid loss of skill and fitness. For serious athletes, the duration of the transition period should be no longer than four to six weeks, or many fitness benefits will diminish Bompa, , p. Athletes work hard to make gains in skill, general fitness, and strength. Therefore, athletes and coaches should remember that strength is hard to gain and easy to lose Bompa, , p.

If athletes take a longer off-season they will more than likely experience detraining effects, resulting in the loss of most training gains and deteriorating most of the strength gains Bompa, If athletes do not perform any strength training during the transition period, muscles will decrease in size, leading to considerable power loss.

Since power and speed are interdependent, loss of speed will result as well Bompa, These examples show it is really important for the athlete to remain active in the off-season, which will give the athlete a strong base when the preparatory period begins.

Following the transition period is the preparatory period which takes place during the off-season, when there are no upcoming competitions. The preparatory period is broken down into three additional phases: hypertrophy-endurance phase, the strength phase, and the power phase. Power lifts such as plyometrics and explosive medicine ball throws are an efficient way to train but are not the most effective.

These exercises can be used in an athletes training program but the main focus must be on olympic lifting and maximal efforts sprints. These methods are proven to be the most effective in getting the maximal motor recruitment levels from athletes.

A successful training program allows for management of the adaptive and recovery responses to specific interventions that are delivered in a structured way. The reason a periodized plan is so successful is because it never allows the body to fully adapt to the imposed stresses being placed on it. Intensity refers to the percentage being lifted of your one repetition maximum 1RM ; the higher the percentage, the higher the intensity level.

This group goes through an hour long treadmill class. This group is good for those interested in prepping for springtime hiking. Finally, for a workout a little closer to home there is the Boston Kickboxing group. This high intensity hour is a great way to vent your anger as well as improve your fitness. Previous research into the area of sprint performance has focused on what type of training can be done to improve performance Whitney et al.

A common method used is repeated practice of the performance of a sprint Edge et al. This induces a learning effect; this learning effect is the improvement in performance through continued repetitions Gibala et al. An alternative training method used by coaches for training purposes is the use of resistance training to increase skeletal muscular strength, the hamstring group, gluteus maximus and adductor magnus are considered the most important skeletal muscles in speed production Delecluse, High velocity strength training uses exercises that train the muscles to recruit the fastest motor units Delecluse et al.

Dead Lifting There are many different exercises for building the body not all are appropriate for every person. Any type of resistance training can help any person in many ways. By adding heavy dead lifting to your routine you can boost your muscles, improve your physique and strengthen your bones.

All of these improvements will give your body power but, with any type of body training especially dead lifting it is critical to perform them correctly and add weight gradually in small increases. This is where most people make their first mistake.

To stay fit you must continuouly work to keep up your strength, stamina or whatever you are trying to improve- this needs either of these two things: 1. Now, a variable I can already spot that will apply to every training schedule is how well your body can adapt to the training. Adapting is the word used to define how fit or strong you will get in a certain amount of time; those who adapt slowly won't advance far while fast adapting people will.

Adapting also depends on how hard you push yourself and how long you work for, this all has to be calculated into the schedule. It is first necessary to define Forced Repetitions before going into how it compares to other technics. Forced repetition is the process of training the muscle to the point of failure and then training even more with the help of an attentive partner. Force repetitions unlike Super Sets, Pyramids or Periodization is not based on the amount of weight or the number of repetitions, but more specifically on pushing past the point of complete muscle failure.

This method of training can increase muscles gains and burn fat for leaner body in athletes that require a less bulky build. Every athlete that has any type of injury dreams with having a great Comeback, but the Comeback comes with hard work and determination to achieve it.

All can be achieved with great effort and consistency, but help is needed threw the way. In conclusion, sport rehabilitation is extremely important for any activity, from the greatest athletes to the boy in street playing with a ball. Home Page Conjugate Periodization Essay.

Conjugate Periodization Essay Powerful Essays. Open Document. Essay Sample Check Writing Quality. Periodization is a term which is used to describe the long-term management of training to make the most advantageous peak performance. Whether you are a pickup basketball player interested in dunking, a sprinter wanting to improve speed or a power lifter looking for a boost in strength, incorporating this training technique will let you develop all the essential strengths without losing back in other athletic traits.

Since lifters have varying body types, they may do extremely …show more content… The Dynamic Effort Method — involves throwing or lifting a non-optimal with the highest achievable speed possible. The Maximal Effort Method — involves lifting optimal load against optimal resistance and must be utilized to produce the greatest strength growth. This pattern is anchored on fluctuations of intensity and volume throughout the week. Simply put, as the number of reps and sets increases, the intensity will decline and vice versa.

By doing so, lifters following this technique can improve and train on different strength qualities all at once.

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